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IMMIGRANT Patriot Elijah McClanahan[1, 2, 3]

Male 1718 - 1794  (76 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Elijah McClanahan 
    Title IMMIGRANT 
    Prefix Patriot 
    Born 1718  Antrim, Ulster Province, IRELAND Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 2 May 1794  Augusta County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Person ID I19076  My Reynolds Line
    Last Modified 17 Jul 2019 

    Father John McClanahan,   b. 1688, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bef 23 Nov 1748, Cumberland Co., Pennsylvania Colony Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years) 
    Mother Agnes McCubit/McChubit/McCubbins,   b. 1688, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 1706  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F7073  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 1 Ann Ewing,   b. Est 1712, Antrim, Ulster Province, IRELAND Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1764, Staunton, Augusta County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 52 years) 
    Married 1727  IRELAND Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. David McClanahan,   b. 1735, Augusta County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Feb 1783, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 48 years)
    +2. Margaret McClanahan,   b. 6 Apr 1736, Augusta County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Dec 1796, Lancaster County, South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 60 years)
     3. Elijah McClanahan, Jr.,   b. Est 1738, Augusta County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1794, Augusta Co., Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years)
    +4. Capt. William McClanahan, Sr.,   b. 25 Dec 1741, Augusta County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1819, Roanoke, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years)
     5. Laura Janet McClanahan,   b. 9 Sep 1749, Augusta Co., Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Dec 1813, Lancaster Co., South Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     6. Samuel McClanahan,   b. Est 1750, Augusta County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Nov 1796, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 46 years)
    +7. Lt. Colonel Alexander of Elijah McClanahan,   b. 20 Feb 1755, Augusta County, Virginia Colony Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 May 1824, Morgan Co., Alabama Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)
    Last Modified 3 Jan 2021 
    Family ID F7072  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 2 Margaret Ann Lewis,   b. Est 1720,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Notes 
    • It seems that Margaret Ann Lewis married an unknown Cunningham before she married Elijah; her Cunningham children are listed without a father.
    Last Modified 15 Jul 2019 
    Family ID F8035  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family 3 Letitia 'Lettice' Breckenridge,   b. Abt 1728, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown, Augusta County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married Sep 1749 
    Last Modified 3 Jan 2021 
    Family ID F8036  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Documents
    Map of Part of Augusta County, Colony of Virginia 1755-1760; Shows Tinkling Spring Church and Fort Chiswell
    Map of Part of Augusta County, Colony of Virginia 1755-1760; Shows Tinkling Spring Church and Fort Chiswell
    Map_of_Augusta_County_1755-1760.jpg

    Histories
    The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol.XXVII
The Breckenridge Family
    The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol.XXVII The Breckenridge Family
    01-15-2019-004.pdf

  • Sources 
    1. [S40] Will, https://www.ancestry.com/interactive/9085/007646193_00014?pid=1505606&backurl=http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv%3D1%26dbid%3D9085%26h%3D1505606%26tid%3D%26pid%3D%26usePUB%3Dtrue%26_phsrc%3DTkn326%26_phstart%3DsuccessSource&treeid=&personid=&hintid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=Tkn326&_phstart=successSource&usePUBJs=true.
      Elijah McClanahan Will - Roanoke, VA p. 113
      James McClanahan Will - Roanoke, VA p. 193
      John McCauly p. 187

    2. [S80] Google Books, https://books.google.com/books?id=_UU3AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=william+mcclanahan+married+sarah+neeley&source=bl&ots=3IXR8bnmca&sig=MJ9Asso72qpEpAhKlE03-83PgFE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgiMD6y9fWAhXD5yYKHYaQBfkQ6AEITTAG#v=onepage&q=william%20mcclanahan%20married%20sarah%20neeley&f=false.
      William McClanahan, Sr. seems to have been prospered in business. He gave a farm to each of his children, as we have seen. It seems that these farms were in the woods for the most part and that they built their own dwelling houses. Four of these houses still stand in 1894.

    3. [S54] DAR, https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/59073352/person/34137027178/media/76643e33-f55b-46f9-8005-544df9d547fb?_phsrc=Tkn769&_phstart=successSource.
      MCCLANAHAN, ELIJAH

      Ancestor #: A074900
      Service:
      VIRGINIA Rank(s): CIVIL SERVICE, PATRIOTIC SERVICE
      Birth:
      CIRCA 1718 IRELAND
      Death:
      POST 5-2-1794 AUGUSTA CO VIRGINIA
      Service Source:
      CHALKLEY, CHRONICLES OF THE SCOTCH-IRISH SETTLEMENT OF VA, VOL 1, PP 188,192,196,217
      Service Description:
      1) JUSTICE OF PEACE; COMMISSIONER OF SPECIFIC TAX
      2) TOOK OATH OF ALLEGIANCE
      RESIDENCE
      1) County: AUGUSTA CO - State: VIRGINIA
      SPOUSE
      Number- Name

      1) ANN EWING
      2) LETTICE BRECKENRIDGE
      3) MARGARET X

    4. [S82] Wikitree, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/McClanahan-129.
      Elijah McClanahan
      Born 1713 in Antrim, Ulster Province, Ireland
      Son of John McClanahan and Agnes McCubit
      Brother of Letitia McClanahan, Agnes McClanahan, Alexander McClanahan, Polly McClanahan, Laura Janet McClanahan, Ann McClanahan, Charles McClanahan, Andrew McClanahan, William McClanahan, John McClanahan, Robert McClanahan Sr., Blair McClanahan, James McClanahan and James McLenahen
      Husband of Ann (Ewing) Owens ? married 1727 in Antrim, Ulster, Ireland
      Father of Alexander McClanahan, Alexander McClanahan, David McClanahan, Elijah McClanahan, Hannah McClanahan, James McClanahan, Jinney McClanahan, John McClanahan, Margaret McClanahan, Mary Polly McClanahan, Nancy McClanahan, Robert McClanahan and William McClanahan
      Died 2 May 1794 in Staunton, Augusta County, VA

    5. [S245] Vital Record (Ancestry), https://www.ancestry.com/mediaui-viewer/tree/48003988/person/13744129216/media/1abb0085-3af5-4c32-8f79-50a0cbf4e936?_phsrc=Tkn324&_phstart=successSource.
      4. ELIJAH3 MCCLANAHAN (JOHN2, THOMAS1) was born 1718 in Bath, Alleghany County, Virginia, and died 1794 in Augusta County, Virginia. He married (1) ANN EWING Abt. 1735, daughter of WILLIAM EWING and ANN SHANNON. She was born Abt. 1714 in Belfast, Ireland, and died Mar 1767. He married (2) LETITIA BRECKENRIDGE Sep 1749 in Augusta County, Virginia. She was born Abt. 1728 in Derry, Ireland.
      Notes for ELIJAH MCCLANAHAN:
      From: http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~mabry/collins/np61.html#iin1312
      Elijah McClenachan (ca 1713 - 1789) was likely born in County Antrim, Ireland, as was his older brother, Robert. Records show Elijah's parents were John and Agnes (McChubit/McCubbins) McClenachan. Speculation is that Elijah's parents left County Ayrshire, Scotland sometime prior to 1700 and migrated to County Antrim, Ireland where John McClenachan was a merchant.
      Elijah, or "Olde Elijah" as he became known, came to America with his older brother Robert in 1727. Tradition states they came through Philadelphia. Accompanying them was Robert's father-in-law, Alexander Breckenridge and his family. The Breckenridge reference is included only because "Olde Elijah's" first born son, also named Elijah, married Letitia Breckenridge, daughter of Alexander, about 1749. There has been much confusion on this marriage, as many people feel that Letitia was "Olde Elijah's" second wife. The Indian massacre in 1764, described below, negates this speculation.
      At this time, there is very little known of the time "Olde Elijah" spent in Pennsylvania and he apparently came to Virginia around 1740, again traveling with his brother Robert, who bought considerable acreage in the Beverley Patent in what is now the area in and around Staunton in Augusta County "Olde Elijah", unlike his brother Robert, did not leave much of a paper trail and as far as we know, none of his children were baptized. Records do show that he was married to Ann Ewing (Owen) at an early age as their first child, also named Elijah, was born 1728-1730. Based on "Olde Elijah's" date of birth, he would have been fifteen to sev-enteen at the time of his son's birth. Again, "Olde Elijah's" birth date of 1713 is only shown in one place.
      Some people had thought him born in 1718, but the similarity between an 8 and a 3 on old documents is enough to more readily accept the 1713 date. Besides, that would have made "Olde Elijah" only ten or twelve when his first child was born. The children of "Olde Elijah" and Ann Ew-ing are as follows:
      1. Elijah, Jr. - Born 1728-1730.
      2. Robert (?)
      3. David (?)
      4. William, December 25, 1733. He married Sarah Neeley and was one of the founders of Roanoke, VA.
      5. Margaret (?), married John Crockett and moved to North Carolina.
      6. Mary, or "Polly" was born in 1746/1748 and married Robert McCreary. Their great grandson, James B. McCreary became one of Kentucky's best loved governors (elected twice) and was also a respected soldier of the Civil War.
      7. Jennie (?), married a William Holliday.
      8. Hannah (?), married a John Greenlee, Jr. She narrowly escaped the Indian massacre by hiding under a log.
      9. Infant son, no name-no birth date. Killed in the Indian massacre early 1764.
      The Indian massacre took place in early 1764 in what is now known as Bath County in an area called "The Cowpasture." It was here that "Olde Elijah" lost his wife, Ann and their youngest child, both killed by the Indians. "Olde Elijah" himself was severely tomahawked, but was saved only by the fact that he had a pen in his hat. The Indians, realizing he could write, did not kill him and apparently wanted his writing ability for an unknown reason. However, not long after the massacre, Captain Lewis, following the raiding party with a group of local militia, came upon the Indians. "Olde Elijah" was rescued as well as several other captives. This was attested to in a letter written by Reverend John Brown who wrote to Colonel William Preston in June 1764 the following, "Captain Lewis came up with the Indians that killed the people at cowpasture and one Frenchman and it is thought wounded some Indians and rescued several prisoners, among whom were old Elijah McClanachan."
      Further evidence of this massacre was written personally by "Olde Elijah's" grandson, Colonel Elijah McClanahan of Roanoke, Virginia, son of William and Sarah (Neeley) McClenachan. Colonel Elijah McClanahan corresponded with Lyman C. Draper. In one of these letters, dated 19 March 1846, is given a vivid account of the massacre.
      Letter dated March 19, 1846. Again, this is only part of the entire letter addressed to Lyman C. Draper: "Your other inquiry is as to my father's birth and decease. When I had the pleasure of seeing you at Bent Mountain, I mentioned the circumstances of my father's mother and his younger brother being killed by the Indians in what is now Bath County and that part of it called the Cowpasture, what county it was then, I can't say. My grandfather was wounded at same time and taken prisoner and pursued. The prisoners all retaken and my grandfather tomahawked and hurt in the head by the Indians on finding they were overtaken, but was carried in and lived. He told me of several incidents that occurred whilst on his march with the Indians. Such as taking two small children (There mothers prisoners) by the heels and dashing their brains against a tree because they cryed and that they held two counsels about him together, he being very unable to travel on account of his wound and that he was saved by a pen in his hat showing he could write for which they were desirous to take him to the nation. My grandfather was from Ireland and an excellent scholar."
      Letitia Breckenridge could not have married 'Old Elijah as Ann Ewing did not die until 1764. Therefore the marriage must be Elijah Jr.

    6. [S80] Google Books, https://books.google.com/books?id=_UU3AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27&dq=william+mcclanahan+married+sarah+neeley&source=bl&ots=3IXR8bnmca&sig=MJ9Asso72qpEpAhKlE03-83PgFE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjgiMD6y9fWAhXD5yYKHYaQBfkQ6AEITTAG#v=onepage&q=william%20mcclanahan%20married%20sarah%20neeley&f=false.
      Elijah McClanahan
      Quoting from 'Henning's Statutes at Large" (as he writes to me personally), Waddell says on page 108, Annals of Augusta County, Virginia: The town of Staunton was at last chartered by act of Assembly in November, 1761. The first trustees of the town were William Preston, William Lewis, William Christian, Eledge McClanahan, Robert Breckinridge, Randal Lockheart. (see link for further info.)
      Both Elijah McClanahan and Alexander McClanahan were on the court to try disloyal persons after the war, but Elijah was foreman of the court....

    7. [S100] Internet Source, https://www.leuthardtfamily.com/rootspersona-tree/elijah-mcclanahan/.
      Elijah McClenachan (ca 1713 - 1789) was likely born in County Antrim, Ireland, as was his older brother, Robert. Records show Elijah's parents were John and Agnes (McChubit/McCubbins) McClenachan. Speculation is that Elijah's parents left County Ayrshire, Scotland sometime prior to 1700 and migrated to County Antrim, Ireland where John McClenachan was a merchant Elijah, or "Olde Elijah" as he became known, came to America with his older brother Robert in 1727. Tradition states they came through Philadelphia. Accompanying them was Robert's father-in-law, Alexander Breckenridge and his family. The Breckenridge reference is included only because "Olde Elijah's" first born son, also named Elijah, married Letitia Breckenridge, daughter of Alexander, about 1749. There has been much confusion on this marriage, as many people feel that Letitia was "Olde Elijah's" second wife. The Indian massacre in 1764, described below, negates this speculation. At this time, there is very little known of the time "Olde Elijah" spent in Pennsylvania and he apparently came to Virginia around 1740, again traveling with his brother Robert, who bought considerable acreage in the Beverley Patent in what is now the area in and around Staunton in Augusta County "Olde Elijah", unlike his brother Robert, did not leave much of a paper trail and as far as we know, none of his children were baptized. Records do show that he was married to Ann Ewing (Owen) at an early age as their first child, also named Elijah, was born 1728-1730. Based on "Olde Elijah's" date of birth, he would have been fifteen to seventeen at the time of his son's birth. Again, "Olde Elijah's" birth date of 1713 is only shown in one place. Some people had thought him born in 1718, but the similarity between an 8 and a 3 on old documents is enough to more readily accept the 1713 date. Besides, that would have made "Olde Elijah" only ten or twelve when his first child was born. The children of "Olde Elijah" and Ann Ewing are as follows: 1. Elijah, Jr. - Born 1728-1730. 2. Robert (?) 3. David(?) 4. William, December 25, 1733. He married Sarah Neeley and was one of the founders of Roanoke, VA. 5. Margaret (?), married John Crockett and moved to North Carolina. 6. Mary, or "Polly" was born in 1746/1748 and married Robert McCreary. Their great grandson, James B. McCreary became one of Kentucky's best loved governors (elected twice) and was also a respected soldier of the Civil War. 7. Jennie (?), married a William Holliday. 8. Hannah (?), married a John Greenlee, Jr. She narrowly escaped the Indian massacre by hiding under a log. 9. Infant son, noname-no birth date. Killed in the Indian massacre early 1764. The Indian massacre took place in early 1764 in what is now known as Bath County in an area called "The Cowpasture." It was here that "Olde Elijah" lost his wife, Ann and their youngest child, both killed by the Indians. "Olde Elijah" himself was severely tomahawked, but was saved only by the fact that he had a pen in his hat. The Indians, realizing he could write, not kill him and apparently wanted his writing ability for an unknown reason. However, not long after the massacre, Captain Lewis, following the raiding party with a group of local militia, came upon the Indians. "Olde Elijah" was rescued as well as several other captives. This was attested to in a letter written by Reverend John Brown who wrote to Colonel William Preston in June 1764 the following" Captain Lewis came up with the Indians that killed the people at cowpasture and one Frenchman and it is thought wounded some Indians and rescued several prisoners,among whom were old Elijah McClanachan." Further evidence of this massacre was written personally by "Olde Elijah's" grandson, Colonel Elijah McClanahan of Roanoke, Virginia, son of William and Sarah (Neeley) McClenachan. Colonel Elijah McClanahan corresponded with Lyman C. Draper.In one of these letters, dated 19 March 1846, is given a vivid account of the massacre . Letter dated March 19, 1846. Again, this is only part of the entire letter addressed to Lyman C. Draper: "Your other inquiry is as to my father's birth and decease. When I had the pleasure of seeing you at Bent Mountain, I mentioned the circumstances of my father's mother and his younger brother being killed by the Indians in what is now Bath County and that part of it called the Cowpasture, what county it was then, I can't say. My grandfather was wounded at same time and taken prisoner and pursued. The prisoners all retaken and my grandfather tomahawked and hurt in the head by the Indians on finding they were overtaken, but was carried in and lived. He told me of several in-cidents that occurred whilst on his march with the Indians. Such as taking two small children (There mothers prisoners) by the heels and dashing their brains against a tree because they cryed and that they held two counsels about him together, he being very unable to travel on account of his wound and that he was saved by a pen in his hat showing he could write for which they were desirous to take him to the nation. My grandfather was from Ireland and an excellent scholar."