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Hardin William Reynolds[1]

Male 1810 - 1882  (72 years)


Personal Information    |    Media    |    Notes    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Hardin William Reynolds 
    Born 20 Apr 1810  Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Died 30 May 1882  Winston Salem, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Salem Cemetery, Winston-Salem, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Person ID I11781  My Reynolds Line
    Last Modified 10 Apr 2017 

    Father Abraham David 'Abram' Reynolds,   b. 1 Mar 1781, Henry Co., Virginia [later Patrick] Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 3 May 1838, Critz, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 57 years) 
    Mother Mary Harbour,   b. Abt 1785,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 19 May 1809 
    Family ID F3652  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Nancy Jane Cox,   b. 31 Mar 1825, Brown Mountain, Stokes Co., NC Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Mar 1903, Winston-Salem, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 77 years) 
    Married 26 Jan 1843  Stokes, North Caroline Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Mary Josephine Reynolds,   b. 5 Jan 1844, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jan 1888, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)
     2. Agnes C Reynolds,   b. 26 May 1845, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jun 1861, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 16 years)
     3. Major Abram David Reynolds,   b. 13 Aug 1847, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Sep 1925, Bristol, Tennessee Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 78 years)
     4. Twin Sons Reynolds,   b. 20 Apr 1849, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Apr 1849, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location
    +5. Richard Joshua Reynolds,   b. 20 Jul 1850, Rock Springs, Patrick Co., Va Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jul 1918, Old Town, Forsyth, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years)
    +6. Hardin Harbour Reynolds,   b. 8 Jun 1854, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1927, Baltimore County, Maryland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 73 years)
     7. John G. Reynolds,   b. 13 Mar 1856, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Oct 1862, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 6 years)
    +8. Lucy B. Reynolds,   b. 17 Feb 1858, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 18 Jul 1953, Winston-Salem, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 95 years)
     9. Nancy B. Reynolds,   b. 28 Nov 1859, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Oct 1862, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 2 years)
     10. Ernest Critaden Reynolds,   b. 14 Jul 1861,   d. 20 Oct 1862  (Age 1 years)
     11. William Neal Reynolds,   b. 22 Mar 1863,   d. 10 Sep 1951, Winston-Salem, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 88 years)
     12. Walter Robert Reynolds,   b. 1 Nov 1866, Patrick County, Virginia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Mar 1921, Winston-Salem, North Carolina Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
    Last Modified 14 Jun 2016 
    Family ID F82  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Documents
    Bible Record for Hardin Reynolds Death
    Bible Record for Hardin Reynolds Death
    reynolds deaths.jpg
    Bible Record for Hardin William Reynolds Family
    Bible Record for Hardin William Reynolds Family
    bible records-john gilmer reynolds and others.jpg

    Headstones
    Hardin Williams Reynolds-Headstone
    Hardin Williams Reynolds-Headstone
    ReynoldsHardinWilliams.jpg

    Histories
    Nancy Susan Reynolds-Reynolds Homestead Opening
    Nancy Susan Reynolds-Reynolds Homestead Opening
    The Danville Register
    Jun 21, 1970
    Nancy Jane Cox Reynolds-Biography
    Nancy Jane Cox Reynolds-Biography
    The Danbury Reporter
    Nov 5, 1924

  • Notes 
    • http://www.freestateofpatrick.com/rjrh.htm

      On July 20, 1853, a son was born to Hardin William and Nancy Jane Cox Reynolds at their home Rock Spring at the foot of No Business Mountain in the eastern section of Patrick County. Little could they realize what an impact this man would have on the world.
      Two local traditions linger about the young man. In April 1865, he supposedly hid horses from the U. S. Cavalry under George Stoneman raiding in the last days of the Civil War. Another is in 1870 he attended Emory and Henry College, like Jeb Stuart twenty years earlier, but that Rufus James Woolwine apparently took his favorite girl from him and they married her.
      The young man in question suffered from dyslexia and stammered. He had large appetites for work, women, gambling, and drink. He worked for his father as a salesman for the family tobacco business traveling through Tennessee, Kentucky and South Carolina saving his money for a future venture.
      He needed a railroad hub for his business plans and since there was not one in Patrick County, he traveled to the nearest one. In 1874, he arrived in Winston, North Carolina with 5,000 dollars. Winston and Salem were separate towns then. He spent $388.50 for a hundred foot lot near railroad tracks to build a factory to manufacture chewing tobacco.
      He married Mary Katherine Smith in 1905 and produced four children: Richard, Mary, Nancy and Zachary. When he died of cancer on July 29, 1918, his company had 121 buildings, ten thousand workers, made ten million dollars a year profit. He left an hundred million dollar estate including Reynolda House and Tanglewood. Virginia Tech operates his birthplace and seven hundred acres as the Reynolds Homestead.
      Richard Joshua Reynolds is buried in the cemetery near Old Salem within site of the giant Wachovia building and the statue of himself as a young man coming from Patrick County to change the world.

  • Sources 
    1. [S107] Family Histories, http://www.freestateofpatrick.com/rjrh.htm.
      Kitty Reynolds: Patrick County?s Civil Rights Mother

      In the kitchen of the Reynolds Homestead hangs a picture of Kitty Reynolds, the slave that traditions says saved the life of her owner Hardin Reynolds when she distracted a raging bull long enough for the father of R. J. to escape danger, but it is as a mother than she should be more famous.
      Burwell age nineteen and Lee age seventeen were children of Kitty Reynolds. On November 29, 1877, at the end of Reconstruction after the Civil War the Reynolds brothers got into a fight with the white brothers Green and Aaron Shelton near the present day site of the Patrick County Schools bus maintenance garage. The cause of the altercation was verbal harassment by the Shelton boys directed at a school for former slaves at the site overlooking Campbell?s Branch.
      Aaron Shelton knocked Lee Reynolds over a log near the road and Burwell stabbed the former with a knife resulting in Shelton?s death the next day. In April 1878, Patrick County tried the two Reynolds brothers separately. Judge William Treadway presided and with all white juries even though attorneys for the brothers Andrew M. Lybrook and William Martin asked for the juries to be one third black. The court found Burwell guilty of first degree murder after a second trial. Lee received an eighteen-year sentence for second-degree murder after a second trial. The attorneys petitioned Judge Alexander Rives of the Federal District of Western Virginia to move the cases to federal court on the grounds that the state court denied the defendant?s rights due to a lack of blacks on the juries and they could not receive a fair trial in Patrick County due to their race.
      On November 18, 1878, Deputy U. S. Marshall O. R. Wooten arrived in Stuart to take the Reynolds brothers under his protection. This set off a chain of events that ended up in the U.S. Supreme Court. Editorials in newspaper and Resolutions in the Virginia General Assembly said Judge Rives actions were a "Federal usurpation of power" and "unwarranted by the Constitution." Virginia?s Attorney General asked Congress to pass legislation to prevent Federal courts from "usurping" the power of state courts. Newspapers as far away as Baltimore and New York commented on the case that began as a senseless killing in Patrick County.
      Judge Rives responded by calling two grand juries that included black men that eventually indicted judges in Amherst, Appomattox, Bedford, Botetourt, Buckingham, Campbell, Charlotte, Franklin, Fluvanna, Halifax, Henry, Nelson and Roanoke counties including Judge James D. Coles of Pittsylvania County and Judge Samuel G. Staples of Patrick County for excluding African-Americans from juries violating the Civil Rights Act of 1875 and the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guaranteed "equal protection of the law."
      Of all the judges arrested only Judge James Doddridge Coles of Pittsylvania County refused bail and petitioned the U. S. Supreme Court for a writ of habeas corpus claiming he had not violated any law becoming a case forever known as Ex Parte Virginia. On March 15, 1880, the Supreme Court denied the petition, thus upholding Judge Rives actions as part of decisions on three separate cases commonly referred to as "The Civil Rights Cases" that set precedents for the protection of rights for the former slaves. The courthouse in Chatham received National Landmark status in 1987 due to this case instead of Patrick mainly because the National Park Service did not dig deep enough to find the roots of the case were in Patrick County. Further information can be found in the writings of Herman Melton?s Pittsylvania County?s Historic Courthouse: The Story Behind Ex Parte Virginia and "Thirty-Nine Lashes-Well Laid On:" Crime and Punishment in Southside Virginia 1750-1950.
      Burwell Reynolds received a sentence of five years for manslaughter for killing Aaron Shelton. Patrick County did not prosecute Lee Reynolds and released him. Kitty Reynolds continued to be a cherished member of the Reynolds family. Tobacco magnate R. J. Reynolds would send a car from Winston-Salem up to Patrick County and bring her to stay with his family. She never realized the full impact of her involvement as a "mother" of Civil Rights in Patrick County.

    2. [S32] Find-A-Grave.com, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=reynolds&GSfn=hardin&GSbyrel=all&GSdyrel=all&GSst=29&GScntry=4&GSob=n&GRid=12512377&df=all&.

    3. [S18] Family Search, LDS.
      Indexing Project (Batch) Number: M01392-3 , System Origin: North Carolina-EASy , GS Film number: 422159 , Reference ID: p 251

      Name: Harden W. Reynolds
      Spouse's Name: Nancy J. Cox
      Event Date: 26 Jan 1843
      Event Place: Stokes, North Carolina